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TiDB - aiworldlist.com

TiDB, pronounced as /’taɪdiːbi:/ and symbolized by “Ti” for Titanium, is a revolutionary open-source distributed NewSQL database designed to excel in Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. Featuring MySQL compatibility, TiDB stands out with its horizontal scalability, robust consistency, and unwavering high availability. The core objective of TiDB is to provide an all-encompassing database solution that caters to Online Transactional Processing (OLTP), Online Analytical Processing (OLAP), and HTAP services. Unveiling a versatile platform, TiDB proves its efficacy across various use cases necessitating stringent demands for robust consistency and high availability, particularly within large-scale data environments.


  1. Seamless Horizontal Scaling: TiDB introduces a distinctive architecture that disentangles computing from storage, facilitating dynamic online scaling of computing or storage capacity. This process seamlessly adapts to the needs of application operations and maintenance without disruption.
  2. Financial-Grade High Availability: Through its multi-replica storage and utilization of the Multi-Raft protocol, TiDB ensures exceptional data reliability. Transactions are committed only after successfully writing data to the majority of replicas, offering a strong consistency that withstands the loss of a minority of replicas.
  3. Real-Time Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing (HTAP): TiDB offers two powerful storage engines: TiKV, a row-based storage engine, and TiFlash, a columnar storage engine. The innovative Multi-Raft Learner protocol ensures real-time data synchronization between these engines, effectively enabling HTAP capabilities within the same system.
  4. Cloud-Native Distributed Database: Tailored for cloud environments, TiDB epitomizes flexibility, scalability, reliability, and security on cloud platforms. TiDB’s strategic placement of at least three replicas per data item, distributed across multiple cloud availability zones, fortifies its fault tolerance. TiDB Operator further simplifies management on Kubernetes, while TiDB Cloud provides a fully-managed solution for streamlined deployment and operation.
  5. MySQL Compatibility: TiDB seamlessly integrates with the MySQL 5.7 protocol, common MySQL features, and the MySQL ecosystem. This compatibility streamlines migration efforts, often requiring no code changes or minimal modifications. Additional data migration tools facilitate smooth transition into TiDB’s ecosystem.

Use Cases:

  1. Financial Industry Scenarios: TiDB emerges as a game-changer in the financial sector, catering to scenarios with exacting demands for data consistency, reliability, availability, scalability, and disaster tolerance. TiDB’s robust replication and Multi-Raft protocol deliver system resilience and agility, ensuring RTO ≤ 30 seconds and RPO = 0 in the face of failures.
  2. Massive Data and High Concurrency Scenarios: Addressing the needs of rapidly growing applications, TiDB offers an economical and scalable solution. Leveraging its separate computing and storage architecture, TiDB excels in scenarios requiring extensive storage capacity, high concurrency, and efficient scaling.
  3. Real-Time HTAP Scenarios: TiDB’s advanced architecture is ideally suited for scenarios where real-time data processing and analysis are paramount. The synergy between TiKV and TiFlash empowers simultaneous transactional and analytical processing, providing a versatile foundation for real-time HTAP workloads.
  4. Data Aggregation and Secondary Processing Scenarios: TiDB’s flexibility makes it an optimal choice for consolidating dispersed data into a unified system. This empowers efficient secondary processing and reporting, leveraging SQL queries for direct report generation.

TiDB’s multifaceted features and capabilities position it as a transformative database solution, addressing diverse use cases and propelling businesses towards efficient, scalable, and data-driven success.